A gothic novel written by Mary Shelley, published in 1818.
She had begun it in 1816, when she, her husband Percy Shelley and Lord Byron wrote
ghost stories to pass the time during a summer in Switzerland.
Frankenstein, a student of natural
philosophy in Geneva, builds a creature in the semblance
of a man and gives it life. Possessed of unnatural strength,
the creature inspires horror in those who see it but
is miserably eager to be loved. The unhappy Frankenstein
deserts the creature, but is pursued to Chamonix where
he agrees to make a mate. However, a wave of remorse
makes him destroy the female he has been constructing
, and the creature swears revenge on his creator. He
kills Frankenstein's bride on their wedding night. Frankenstein's
father dies of grief, and the scientist's mind gives
way. Eventually he recovers and sets out to destroy
his creation. After a chase across the world, the two
at last confront each other in the Arctic wastes. Frankenstein
dies and the creature, mourning the loss of the man
who gave hinm life, disappears into the frozen wilderness,
hoping for his own annihilation.
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Summary taken from Ousby, Ian, ed. Companion to Literature
in English. Hertfordshire: Wordsworth, 1994.